Climate change poses grave risks to humanity in the 21st century; confronting it will require a massive transformation of the world’s energy systems. For now, fossil fuels like oil and gas still shape global geopolitics, though breakthrough innovation could speed the transition toward clean energy. The program on Energy Security and Climate Change at the Council on Foreign Relations informs scientists, business leaders, policymakers, and the public about how to navigate tomorrow’s energy landscape.
The Donald J. Trump administration should place energy-sector reform at the center of its relationship with Ukraine. Doing so would constitute a low-risk, high-reward strategy for Washington to counter Moscow’s influence at the NATO border.
While squarely confronting the scale of the risks the world faces because of climate change, this pragmatic guide focuses on solutions—some gradual and some more revolutionary—currently being deployed around the globe.