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December 5, 2015

Climate Change
John Campbell: Climate Change and Ethnic and Religious Conflict in Nigeria

Climate change is nothing new in northern Nigeria, writes John Campbell, senior fellow for Africa Studies and former U.S. Ambassador to Nigeria, and its influence in local conflicts can already be fe…

January 3, 2020

Cameroon
Lessons From the Past on Cameroon’s Crisis

The violent conflict in Cameroon, still rarely discussed in Washington, is becoming increasingly dire. Both President Paul Biya’s Francophone regime in Yaounde and the Anglophone separatists in the southwest region are accused of brutal human rights abuses, including the burning of villages, attacks on schools, and the killing of men, women, and children. Despite mediation attempts by the Swiss government and sanctions by the Trump administration, there are no signs of any progress towards a negotiated settlement. 

A sign saying " Speak English or French for a bilingual Cameroon" outside a now abandoned school in rural southwest Cameroon, on May 22, 2019.

December 17, 2019

South Africa
Shedding Light on the Iran-South Africa Relationship

South Africa has long been a cornerstone of Iran’s South-South strategy, which aims to strengthen ties with African and South American states. Strongly promoted by President Ahmadinejad, the South-South strategy intends to boost Iranian international credibility and promote trade. The Islamic Republic was one of the first countries to resume trade with South Africa following the end of apartheid, and the two countries have enjoyed strong relations ever since.

President of South Africa Jacob Zuma (L) and Iran's President Hassan Rouhani (R) are seen during their meeting at Sadabad Palace in Tehran, Iran, on April 24, 2016.

January 15, 2020

Gambia
President Barrow’s Broken Promise Threatens Gambia’s Post-Jammeh Future

The Gambia has found itself on the brink of a new political crisis, just three years after the dramatic fall of longtime strongman Yahya Jammeh. Protestors filled the streets of the capital Banjul last month, demanding President Adama Barrow’s resignation after three years in office.  Earlier this year, Barrow began to lay the groundwork for extending his tenure in office. In late December, Barrow formed a new political party, the National Peoples Party, which would allow him to contest next year's presidential election. 

Gambia's President Adama Barrow sits in the chair reserved for heads of state before delivering his address during the seventy-third session of the United Nations General Assembly at U.N. headquarters in New York, September 25, 2018.

November 26, 2019

Rwanda
Kagame’s Spat With Museveni Is Costing Rwandans

On November 10, Rwandan security forces shot dead two Ugandan nationals accused of smuggling tobacco across the border. Smuggling has become more common after Rwanda closed its border with Uganda in late February amidst a dispute between Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni and Rwandan President Paul Kagame.

Rwandan President Paul Kagame (R) and his Ugandan counterpart Yoweri Museveni follow the proceedings of the 20th anniversary commemoration of the Rwandan genocide, in Kigali April 7, 2014.

November 5, 2019

Uganda
How Will China React to Uganda’s Looming Debt Crisis?

Uganda is heading toward a debt crisis. According to a senior official at the Bank of Uganda, unless the country is able to sustain a growth rate of at least 7 percent—which economic projections show Uganda will not do—the country will default on its payments. As is the case for many African countries, China is Uganda’s largest creditor, making up 39 percent of total debt this past fiscal year. If Uganda defaults, it is unclear how China will react.

Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni shakes hands with Chinese President Xi Jinping flanked by Chinese and Ugandan flags.

December 27, 2019

Rwanda
Swift Response to Open Letter Alleging Gender-Based Corruption in Rwandan Cycling

Neil Edwards is the volunteer intern for CFR's Africa Program in Washington, DC. He is a master's candidate at the School of International Service at American University and a returned Peace Corps Rw…

Samuel Mugisha of Team Rwanda competes during the Tour du Rwanda 2018 in Kigali, Rwanda, on August 12, 2018.

December 12, 2019

Guinea-Bissau
Guinea-Bissau Prepares for a Presidential Runoff Election

Adam Valavanis is a former intern with the Africa Program at the Council on Foreign Relations. He received a master’s degree in conflict studies from the London School of Economics and Political Scie…

A man casts his ballot at a polling station during the presidential election in Bissau, Guinea-Bissau, on November 24, 2019.

October 23, 2019

Sierra Leone
Behind Sierra Leone’s Ambitious, Tech-Driven Development Plan

Sierra Leone currently ranks as one of the least developed countries in the world, with a GDP per capita of less than $300 and high levels of poverty. But President Julius Maada Bio has charted an ambitious development plan for the small West African country. Since 2017, President Bio has overseen increased investment in advanced technologies in the hopes of spurring development.

President Julius Maada Bio sits with his hands clasped at a desk.

December 6, 2019

Nigeria
Nigeria’s Feud With INGOs Is a Gift to Boko Haram. It Must End.

On October 30, the Nigerian military temporarily lifted its suspensions of Action Against Hunger and Mercy Corps, two international non-government organizations (INGOs) working in northeast Nigeria, where Boko Haram is active. Both organizations were expelled from northeastern Nigeria last September following accusations of aiding and abetting Boko Haram.

A banner with the UNICEF logo is seen hanging on a makeshift school at an internally displaced persons camp on the outskirts of Maiduguri, northeast Nigeria, on June 6, 2017.